Research Findings Francine Shapiro, PhD, an American psychologist, developed Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing EMDR Therapy as a breakthrough therapy with special capacity to overcome the often devastating effects of psychological trauma in the late s.
Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing EMDR is a psychotherapy treatment that was originally designed to alleviate the distress associated with traumatic memories Shapiro, a, b.
After successful treatment with EMDR therapy, affective distress is relieved, negative beliefs are reformulated, and physiological arousal is reduced.
During EMDR therapy the client attends to emotionally disturbing material in brief sequential doses while simultaneously focusing on an external stimulus. Therapist directed lateral eye movements are the most commonly used external stimulus but a variety of other stimuli including hand-tapping and audio stimulation are often used Shapiro, Shapirohypothesizes that EMDR therapy facilitates the accessing of the traumatic memory network, so that information processing is enhanced, with new associations forged between the traumatic memory and more adaptive memories or information.
These new associations are thought to result in complete information processing, new learning, elimination of emotional distress, and development of cognitive insights.
EMDR therapy uses a three pronged protocol: EMDR Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing is a psychotherapy that enables people to heal from the symptoms and emotional distress that are the result of disturbing life experiences.
Repeated studies show that by using EMDR therapy people can experience the benefits of psychotherapy that once took years to make a difference. It is widely assumed that severe emotional pain requires a long time to heal. Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing essay therapy shows that the mind can in fact heal from psychological trauma much as the body recovers from physical trauma.
When you cut your hand, your body works to close the wound. If a foreign object or repeated injury irritates the wound, it festers and causes pain. Once the block is removed, healing resumes.
EMDR therapy demonstrates that a similar sequence of events occurs with mental processes. If the system is blocked or imbalanced by the impact of a disturbing event, the emotional wound festers and can cause intense suffering.
Using the detailed protocols and procedures learned in EMDR therapy training sessions, clinicians help clients activate their natural healing processes. More than 30 positive controlled outcome studies have been done on EMDR therapy. There has been so much research on EMDR therapy that it is now recognized as an effective form of treatment for trauma and other disturbing experiences by organizations such as the American Psychiatric Association, the World Health Organization and the Department of Defense.
Overclinicians throughout the world use the therapy. Millions of people have been treated successfully over the past 25 years. EMDR therapy is an eight-phase treatment. Eye movements or other bilateral stimulation are used during one part of the session.
As this happens, for reasons believed by a Harvard researcher to be connected with the biological mechanisms involved in Rapid Eye Movement REM sleep, internal associations arise and the clients begin to process the memory and disturbing feelings.
In successful EMDR therapy, the meaning of painful events is transformed on an emotional level. The net effect is that clients conclude EMDR therapy feeling empowered by the very experiences that once debased them.
Their wounds have not just closed, they have transformed. EMDR therapy combines different elements to maximize treatment effects.
A full description of the theory, sequence of treatment, and research on protocols and active mechanisms can be found in F. Shapiro Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing: Basic principles, protocols and procedures 2nd edition New York: EMDR therapy involves attention to three time periods: Focus is given to past disturbing memories and related events.
Also, it is given to current situations that cause distress, and to developing the skills and attitudes needed for positive future actions. With EMDR therapy, these items are addressed using an eight-phase treatment approach. The first phase is a history-taking session s. Client and therapist identify possible targets for EMDR processing.
These include distressing memories and current situations that cause emotional distress. Other targets may include related incidents in the past. Emphasis is placed on the development of specific skills and behaviors that will be needed by the client in future situations.
Initial EMDR processing may be directed to childhood events rather than to adult onset stressors or the identified critical incident if the client had a problematic childhood.Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing is a treatment used in psychotherapy to alleviate distress associated with trauma (Shapiro, ).
During EMDR clients reprocess information while focusing on external stimuli such as, lateral eye movements, hand tapping, and audio stimulation. The role of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing therapy in medicine: addressing the psychological and physical symptoms stemming from adverse life experiences.
The Permanente Journal. Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing, or EMDR, is a powerful new psychotherapy technique which has been very successful in helping people who suffer from trauma, anxiety, panic, disturbing memories, post traumatic stress and many other emotional problems. EMDR and DBT Therapy Essay Words 4 Pages According to Sharf, () the eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) was designed to treat posttraumatic stress disorder.
Eye Movement Desensitization Reprocessing (EMDR) has been used in trauma therapy for the last 20 years. As with any innovative and new treatment there are proponents and opponents both trying to convince their peers and the public about the validity and usefulness of the treatment.
Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) therapy (Shapiro, ) was initially developed in for the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and is guided by the Adaptive Information Processing model (Shapiro ).
EMDR is an individual therapy typically delivered one to.