In the novel[ edit ] Marius and his father[ edit ] When Marius first appears, he is living with his rich and monarchist grandfather, Monsieur Gillenormand. All his life, he has been told that his father Georges Pontmercy, a colonel under Bonaparte abandoned him to Gillenormand.
The hydra at the beginning, the angel at the end. The novel contains various subplots, but the main thread is the story of ex-convict Jean Valjeanwho becomes a force for good in the world but cannot escape his criminal past. The novel is divided into five volumes, each volume divided into several books, and subdivided into chapters, for a total of 48 books and chapters.
Each chapter is relatively short, commonly no longer than a few pages. The novel as a whole is one of the longest ever written with approximately 1, pages in unabridged English-language editions,  and 1, pages in French.
It addresses England as well as Spain, Italy as well as France, Germany as well as Ireland, the republics that harbour slaves as well as empires that have serfs.
Social problems go beyond frontiers. Wherever men go in ignorance or despair, wherever women sell themselves for bread, wherever children lack a book to learn from or a warm hearth, Les Miserables knocks at the door and says: One biographer noted that "the digressions of genius are easily pardoned".
The one about convents he titles "Parenthesis" to alert the reader to its irrelevance to the story line. It opens volume 2 with such a change of subject as to seem the beginning of an entirely different work.
Hugo draws his own personal conclusions, taking Waterloo to be a pivot-point in history, but definitely not a victory for the forces of reaction. Waterloo, by cutting short the demolition of European thrones by the sword, had no other effect than to cause the revolutionary work to be continued in another direction.
The slashers have finished; it was the turn of the thinkers. The century that Waterloo was intended to arrest has pursued its march. That sinister victory was vanquished by liberty. The novel opens with a statement about the bishop of Digne in and immediately shifts: One of the strangers was a man who had stolen a loaf of bread similar to Jean Valjean.
The officer was taking him to the coach. The thief also saw the mother and daughter playing with each other which would be an inspiration for Fantine and Cosette. Hugo imagined the life of the man in jail and the mother and daughter taken away from each other.
He was also a businessman and was widely noted for his social engagement and philanthropy. He went to Toulon to visit the Bagne in and took extensive notes, though he did not start writing the book until On one of the pages of his notes about the prison, he wrote in large block letters a possible name for his hero: In December he witnessed an altercation between an old woman scavenging through rubbish and a street urchin who might have been Gavroche.
He also slipped personal anecdotes into the plot. He sleeps on the street, angry and bitter. When the police capture Valjean, Myriel pretends that he has given the silverware to Valjean and presses him to take two silver candlesticks as well, as if he had forgotten to take them.
The police accept his explanation and leave. Myriel tells Valjean that his life has been spared for God, and that he should use money from the silver candlesticks to make an honest man of himself.
This inspired a very similar scene in Places in the Heart. When opportunity presents itself, purely out of habit, he steals a sous coin from year-old Petit Gervais and chases the boy away. He quickly repents and searches the city in panic for Gervais. At the same time, his theft is reported to the authorities.
|Les Miserables||Jean Valjean Chapter I. Either from prudence, or from a desire to meditate, or simply in consequence of one of those insensible changes of habit which gradually introduce themselves into the existence of every one, he now rarely went out with Cosette.|
|Jean Valjean in Les Misérables||So, as you will have concluded, this is not a happy book, it is the very opposite of fluffy happiness, it is a story about the lowest and darkest parts of French society in the first half of the nineteenth century.|
Valjean hides as they search for him, because if apprehended he will be returned to the galleys for life as a repeat offender. Walking down the street, he sees a man named Fauchelevent pinned under the wheels of a cart.
When no one volunteers to lift the cart, even for pay, he decides to rescue Fauchelevent himself.
He crawls underneath the cart, manages to lift it, and frees him. He has known only one other man, a convict named Jean Valjean, who could accomplish it. The men abandon the women, treating their relationships as youthful amusements.
Fantine is unaware that they are abusing her daughter and using her as forced labor for their inn, and continues to try to meet their growing, extortionate and fictitious demands.Les Misérables (French pronunciation: [le mizeʁabl(ə)]) is a French historical novel by Victor Hugo, first published in , that is considered one of the greatest novels of the 19th century.
In the English-speaking world, the novel is usually referred to by its original French title. However, several alternatives have been used, including The Miserables, The Wretched, The Miserable Ones. Les Misérables Characters Victor Hugo.
and his desire to protect the father of the girl he loves sets M. Javert on Jean Valjean’s tracks. characters in Les Miserables show that man can.
"Bring Him Home" is a song sung by Jean Valjean about Marius at the barricade. The song comes right after "Drink with Me." It follows the style of a prayer. The lyrics were written by Herbert srmvision.comer: Claude-Michel Schönberg.
Literature Network» Victor Hugo» Les Miserables» Chapter I. Jean Valjean Chapter I. Jean Valjean That same day, towards four o'clock in the afternoon, Jean Valjean was sitting alone on the back side of one of the most solitary slopes in the Champ-de-Mars.
Valjean, Fantine, Cosette, Marius, Gavroche, Pontmercy, and Gillenormand are all separated from their family or loved ones for economic or political reasons.
Marius embodies the disastrous effects of politics on family structure, torn as he is between Gillenormand’s monarchism and Pontmercy’s embrace of . The character of Javert in Les Miserables from LitCharts | The creators of SparkNotes.
Sign In Sign Up. Lit. Guides. Lit. Les Miserables by Victor Hugo. Upgrade to A + Download this Lit Guide! (PDF) Introduction. Plot Summary. but ultimately the district attorney was committed to convicting a Jean Valjean, so he sent Javert off to.